Infrared Spectroscopy Tutorials:

• WebSpectra (UCLA)

• Paul Young’s IR Spectroscopy Tutorial

• IR Tutor (Columbia University)

• Glossary of FTIR terms (Spectra Associates)

• Introducing infrared spectroscopy (Spectra Associates)


Chirality (definitions, meetings, other companies):

• Chiral

• Olis Circular Dichroism Spectrometer web

• (a site devoted to Vibrational Optical Activity)


Founders and Continued Practitioners of VOA: (alphabetical listing)

We apologize if any scientists involved in the early studies of VOA are not listed.

• Laurence Barron

Tess Freedman

• Tim Keiderling (group page)

• Tim Keiderling

• Larry Nafie

• Prasad Polavarapu

Philip Stephens (group page)

• Philip Stephens

• Hal Weiser



• Vibrational Optical Activity: Principles and Applications by Laurence A Nafie New!

• Comprehensive Chiroptical Spectroscopy, 2 Volume Set by Nina Berova, Prasad L. Polavarapu, Koji Nakanishi and Robert W. Woody New!

• Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity by Laurence Barron

• Vibrational Spectra: Principles and Applications with Emphasis on Optical Activity by P. L. Polavarapu

• Fundamentals of FTIR, Infrared Spectral Interpretation & Quantitative Spectroscopy: Theory & Practice (Spectra Associates)


Computer Programs for VCD Calculations:


• Dalton Calculations


Products for VCD:

• Hinds Instruments



• Society of Applied Spectroscopy

• The Coblentz Society


Training Courses:

• Spectra Training Courses by Spectros Associates


Chirality & Art:

• Nerdly Painter, art infused with science